Q&A: Policing the Board

Q&A: Policing the Board

Q Who checks up on the board? Does the board police themselves from within, or is the managing agent checking up on their actions? If the board makes a mistake, will the shareholders be notified? In what way is a board accountable to the shareholders?

—Curious on the East Side

A “This is a really good question. In order to answer it, you should understand who handles the day-to-day running of the building,” says C. Jaye Berger, Esq. in Manhattan. “The managing agent handles the every day aspects of running the building, but the managing agent is only an ‘agent.’ He or she is an ‘agent’ of the co-op corporation or the condominium association. The board hires the management company and the agent serves the co-op or condominium. However, the board of directors or the board of managers is the entity that manages the co-op or condominium’s business affairs, since you cannot have hundreds of residents voting every time something needs to be done in the building.

“Have you ever heard of the ‘business judgment rule?’ It refers to the fact that the board uses its business judgment to decide what is best for the building. If the board turns down an application to purchase by a potential buyer of an apartment, the rule would apply. Similarly it applies when the board decides that repair work needs to be done or not be done at any given time. The board is charged with the authority by the shareholders or the unit owners to decide if there needs to be an increase in monthly charges or even an assessment.

“The ‘police’ of the board are all the people who live in the building, since you are the ones who voted the board in. That means if you feel for any reason that the board is not doing a good job, it is up to you to vote them out. If an individual board member has perhaps engaged in some wrongdoing, the other board members may act as the ‘police’ in trying to remove him or her from the board under the bylaws, but that is rare. The shareholders could also call a special meeting to do that f there is a serious problem.

“Since the managing agent works closely with the board, they are not reporting to the rest of the building. It is hard to imagine a ‘mistake’ that the board would make that the shareholders would be notified of. The board votes by majority, so if it is the ‘business judgment’ of the board to enact something, by its nature that would not be a mistake, even if you do not personally agree. However, there can be issues where the shareholders may ‘suspect’ some impropriety and try to dig deeper to find out the facts. From time to time I get calls asking questions about whether it ‘seems odd,’ for example, that the board president’s construction company is doing the roof repair project. This is not ‘wrong’ per se, but it is not a good idea, because it gives the ‘appearance’ of impropriety.

“The board is always accountable to the shareholders and unit owners and the usual forum for airing that is at the annual meeting. If there are any issues brewing, it can make for a ‘lively’ evening.”

Related Articles

W 81st Street facade of The Beresford, 23-floor "pre-war" apartment building, one of the most prestigious addresses in Manhattan at 211 Central Park West, New York, NY

A History of Cooperative Housing in NYC

From the Gilded Age to the Present

Medium shot of production crew cueing the team to start camera roll

Q&A: Lights, Camera, Improper Action

Q&A: Lights, Camera, Improper Action

Revisiting Levandusky

Revisiting Levandusky

A Seminal Co-op Case Still Holds Sway



  • My Board of Directors has not had an open Board meeting for its shareholders in one year. If this is against the By-Laws, is this considered an impropriety or a violation? Please advise. Also, for Harassment cases, which Gov't agency should I file a complaint with?